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Articles on sex and drugs

Articles on sex and drugs

The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at Am J Addict See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Abstract Sex under the influence of drugs or alcohol is associated with high risk sexual behavior. Sex under the influence at the most recent event was more likely to involve anal intercourse, sex with a casual partner, and less condom use. Patients might benefit from interventions targeting sexual behavior and substance use as mutual triggers.

Introduction Heterosexual men Sexual behavior in the context of substance use is a growing area of scientific focus due to its role as a potential risk factor for the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections STI.

Methodological approaches Normative data concerning sex under the influence is limited and its relationship to HIV transmission risk is not well understood. To better understand the link between drug use and sexual behavior, researchers have used approaches such as situational association or event analysis.

A correlational temporal link between sex under the influence and high-risk sex is made in these studies, but it does not permit causal inferences. For example, recent studies have found that the link between sex and drugs may depend on the context of the incident and partner type.

Therefore, methods that combine both situational association and event analyses would provide the most complete picture of sexual behavior in the context of drug use. Specific substances and their effects Specific substances may be linked to different sexual effects, user expectations, and levels of sexual risk. They found that cocaine and methamphetamine users were more likely to associate drug use with sexual behavior, and reported more positive sexual effects while under the influence, than alcohol and opiate users.

We examined not only sexual risk behaviors, but also patient perceptions of enhancements and impairments associated with sex under the influence. Our initial aim is to identify the prevalence of sex under the influence for a diverse group of men in substance abuse treatment. We hypothesize that sex under the influence will be: These treatment programs were diverse in terms of region, population density, and HIV prevalence.

Sites were urban e. Philadelphia, PA , suburban e. HIV prevalence data at each site was not collected as part of this study, but some sites e. Specific sites are listed elsewhere. The HIV status of participants was unknown. The analyses reported here focused on a subsample of men from the main trial who reported engaging in sex only with women in the prior 90 days. Of the men eligible for randomization in the main trial, 43 reported sex with men, 41 reported no sexual activity in the prior 90 days, and one did not answer questions regarding sex under the influence of drugs or alcohol.

Participants were not queried about lifetime sexual patterns, thus men who had had sex with men in the past, but not in the prior 90 days, may have been included in the sample. Assessment and Case Identification Procedures The Sexual Behavior Interview SBI was administered as part of the baseline assessment battery, prior to randomization to intervention condition. The baseline assessments were administered preferably within 7—but not longer than days after screening for the parent trial.

There were no expectations placed on participants to change their drug related behavior while they were waiting to begin the study intervention. SBI items were administered using the audio computer assisted structured interview ACASI method as it elicits more information about high-risk behaviors than face-to-face interviews. However, some participants may have consumed substances of abuse at less than intoxication levels and still considered themselves under the influence.

To be included in the most recent event analyses, the event had to have occurred in the past 90 days. For some analyses, cases were classified as under the influence if the participant or his partner were under the influence.

Participants were also grouped according to the drug of abuse to which they reported being under the influence. Cocaine and methamphetamine were grouped into a stimulant category due to a low prevalence of methamphetamine use. Data analyses Analyses compared the various drug use groups while under the influence or not under the influence in the last 90 days, and during the most recent event, on the following domains: For continuous measures t-tests were used.

To determine which drugs the men were more tempted to use to meet sexual needs, pairwise comparisons of differences between dependent proportions were calculated. Alcohol, cocaine, heroin and cannabis were the most frequently used drugs. Men who were not married, in methadone treatment, and who had been employed for fewer days were more likely to report sex under the influence in the past 90 days See Table 2.

Similarly, men reporting that they or their partner were under the influence during the most recent event were more likely to be older, not married, in methadone treatment, employed for fewer days, and report there had been more days since their most recent sexual event.

Table 1 Percent of men reporting, for themselves or their women partners, sex under the influence of drugs or alcohol in the last 90 days and during their last sexual encounter.

Male study participants Sex under the influence of any drug Reported drug of abuse.

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Articles on sex and drugs

The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at Am J Addict See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Abstract Sex under the influence of drugs or alcohol is associated with high risk sexual behavior.

Sex under the influence at the most recent event was more likely to involve anal intercourse, sex with a casual partner, and less condom use. Patients might benefit from interventions targeting sexual behavior and substance use as mutual triggers. Introduction Heterosexual men Sexual behavior in the context of substance use is a growing area of scientific focus due to its role as a potential risk factor for the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections STI.

Methodological approaches Normative data concerning sex under the influence is limited and its relationship to HIV transmission risk is not well understood. To better understand the link between drug use and sexual behavior, researchers have used approaches such as situational association or event analysis.

A correlational temporal link between sex under the influence and high-risk sex is made in these studies, but it does not permit causal inferences. For example, recent studies have found that the link between sex and drugs may depend on the context of the incident and partner type. Therefore, methods that combine both situational association and event analyses would provide the most complete picture of sexual behavior in the context of drug use.

Specific substances and their effects Specific substances may be linked to different sexual effects, user expectations, and levels of sexual risk. They found that cocaine and methamphetamine users were more likely to associate drug use with sexual behavior, and reported more positive sexual effects while under the influence, than alcohol and opiate users.

We examined not only sexual risk behaviors, but also patient perceptions of enhancements and impairments associated with sex under the influence. Our initial aim is to identify the prevalence of sex under the influence for a diverse group of men in substance abuse treatment. We hypothesize that sex under the influence will be: These treatment programs were diverse in terms of region, population density, and HIV prevalence.

Sites were urban e. Philadelphia, PA , suburban e. HIV prevalence data at each site was not collected as part of this study, but some sites e.

Specific sites are listed elsewhere. The HIV status of participants was unknown. The analyses reported here focused on a subsample of men from the main trial who reported engaging in sex only with women in the prior 90 days. Of the men eligible for randomization in the main trial, 43 reported sex with men, 41 reported no sexual activity in the prior 90 days, and one did not answer questions regarding sex under the influence of drugs or alcohol.

Participants were not queried about lifetime sexual patterns, thus men who had had sex with men in the past, but not in the prior 90 days, may have been included in the sample.

Assessment and Case Identification Procedures The Sexual Behavior Interview SBI was administered as part of the baseline assessment battery, prior to randomization to intervention condition. The baseline assessments were administered preferably within 7—but not longer than days after screening for the parent trial. There were no expectations placed on participants to change their drug related behavior while they were waiting to begin the study intervention.

SBI items were administered using the audio computer assisted structured interview ACASI method as it elicits more information about high-risk behaviors than face-to-face interviews.

However, some participants may have consumed substances of abuse at less than intoxication levels and still considered themselves under the influence.

To be included in the most recent event analyses, the event had to have occurred in the past 90 days. For some analyses, cases were classified as under the influence if the participant or his partner were under the influence. Participants were also grouped according to the drug of abuse to which they reported being under the influence. Cocaine and methamphetamine were grouped into a stimulant category due to a low prevalence of methamphetamine use.

Data analyses Analyses compared the various drug use groups while under the influence or not under the influence in the last 90 days, and during the most recent event, on the following domains: For continuous measures t-tests were used. To determine which drugs the men were more tempted to use to meet sexual needs, pairwise comparisons of differences between dependent proportions were calculated.

Alcohol, cocaine, heroin and cannabis were the most frequently used drugs. Men who were not married, in methadone treatment, and who had been employed for fewer days were more likely to report sex under the influence in the past 90 days See Table 2. Similarly, men reporting that they or their partner were under the influence during the most recent event were more likely to be older, not married, in methadone treatment, employed for fewer days, and report there had been more days since their most recent sexual event.

Table 1 Percent of men reporting, for themselves or their women partners, sex under the influence of drugs or alcohol in the last 90 days and during their last sexual encounter. Male study participants Sex under the influence of any drug Reported drug of abuse.

Articles on sex and drugs

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5 Comments

  1. Delay discounting is assessed by asking these individuals to choose between smaller rewards available immediately or larger rewards available after some delay. Johnson recognized the incredible potential of behavior analysis to help address sexual risk behaviors and has had much success in doing so.

  2. Impulsiveness positively predicts daily cocaine use Moeller et al. Youth who do not live in households were not included. However, if we could actually get sufficient numbers of people to be adherent to their medication, we could bring HIV to a halt because these medications reduce transmission.

  3. And for all that the chemsex context is highly specific, the consent issues it presents are hardly unique.

  4. Furthermore, testosterone appears to be reinforcing and works on the mesolimbic DA pathway, which is highly involved in drug abuse Wood, Participants were also grouped according to the drug of abuse to which they reported being under the influence. There is evidence that T is connected to substance use.

  5. However, in scientific literature, there is little empirical evidence to determine if there is a positive relationship between these three phenomena, despite biological, psychological, and social reasons that would suggest they are connected. If you are a regular consumer of pop media, you may already be familiar with Dr.

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