She had two younger siblings, Michael and Laura. The family belonged to the Churches of Christ denomination. I read, I painted, I thought. I didn't hate niggers. Her name is Janis Joplin. Still in San Francisco in , Joplin and future Jefferson Airplane guitarist Jorma Kaukonen recorded a number of blues standards, which incidentally featured Kaukonen's wife Margareta using a typewriter in the background.
This session included seven tracks: In , Joplin was arrested in San Francisco for shoplifting. During the two years that followed, her drug use increased and she acquired a reputation as a "speed freak" and occasional heroin user. In May , Joplin's friends in San Francisco, noticing the detrimental effects on her from regularly injecting methamphetamine she was described as "skeletal"  and "emaciated"  , persuaded her to return to Port Arthur. During that month, her friends threw her a bus-fare party so she could return to her parents in Texas.
She avoided drugs and alcohol, adopted a beehive hairdo, and enrolled as an anthropology major at Lamar University in nearby Beaumont, Texas. During her time at Lamar University, she commuted to Austin to sing solo, accompanying herself on acoustic guitar. One of her performances was at a benefit by local musicians for Texas bluesman Mance Lipscomb , who was suffering with ill health. Another of her performances was reviewed in the Austin American-Statesman. Among the songs she recorded were her original composition for the song "Turtle Blues" and an alternate version of "Cod'ine" by Buffy Sainte-Marie.
These tracks were later issued as a new album in , entitled This is Janis Joplin by James Gurley. Big Brother and the Holding Company: Big Brother and the Holding Company Joplin with Big Brother and the Holding Company, circa — In , Joplin's bluesy vocal style attracted the attention of the San Francisco-based psychedelic rock band Big Brother and the Holding Company , which had gained some renown among the nascent hippie community in Haight-Ashbury.
Helms sent his friend Travis Rivers to find her in Austin, Texas, where she had been performing with her acoustic guitar, and to accompany her to San Francisco. Aware of her previous nightmare with drug addiction in San Francisco, Rivers insisted that she inform her parents face-to-face of her plans, and he drove her from Austin to Port Arthur he waited in his car while she talked with her startled parents before they began their long drive to San Francisco.
Joplin joined Big Brother on June 4, In June, Joplin was photographed at an outdoor concert in San Francisco that celebrated the summer solstice. The image, which was later published in two books by David Dalton, shows her before she relapsed into drugs. Due to persistent persuading by keyboardist and close friend Stephen Ryder, Joplin avoided drugs for several weeks, enjoining bandmate Dave Getz to promise that using needles would not be allowed in their rehearsal space, her apartment, or in the homes of her bandmates whom she visited.
In July, all five bandmates and guitarist James Gurley 's wife Nancy moved to a house in Lagunitas, California , where they lived communally.
They often partied with the Grateful Dead , who lived less than two miles away. She had a short relationship and longer friendship with founding member Ron "Pigpen" McKernan.
The pair lived together as a couple for a few months. Two songs from the second of Big Brother's two sets at Monterey, which they played on Sunday, were filmed The group's first set, which was on Saturday, was not filmed at all though it was audio-recorded.
Some sources, including a Joplin biography by Ellis Amburn, claim that she was dressed in thrift store hippie clothes or second-hand Victorian clothes during the band's Saturday set,  but still photographs do not appear to have survived. She is seen wearing an expensive gold tunic dress with matching pants. Elliot and the audience are seen in sunlight, but Sunday's Big Brother performance was filmed in the evening.
Those who did not attend the Monterey Pop Festival saw the band's performance of "Combination of the Two" for the first time in when The Criterion Collection released the box set. For the remainder of , even after Big Brother signed with Albert Grossman, they performed mainly in California.
On February 16, ,  the group began its first East Coast tour in Philadelphia, and the following day gave their first performance in New York City at the Anderson Theater. Live at Winterland '68 , recorded at the Winterland Ballroom on April 12 and 13, , features Joplin and Big Brother and the Holding Company at the height of their mutual career working through a selection of tracks from their albums. A recording became available to the public for the first time in when Sony Music Entertainment released the compact disc.
On July 31, , Joplin made her first nationwide television appearance when the band performed on This Morning, an ABC daytime minute variety show hosted by Dick Cavett. Shortly thereafter, network employees wiped the videotape, though the audio survives.
In and , Joplin made three appearances on Cavett's prime-time program. Video was preserved and excerpts have been included in most documentaries about Joplin. Audio of her appearance has not been used since then. Sometime in , the band's billing was changed to "Janis Joplin and Big Brother and the Holding Company,"  and the media coverage given to Joplin generated resentment within the band. Janis Joplin can sing the chic off any listener. During the recording sessions, produced by John Simon , Joplin was said to be the first person to enter the studio and the last person to leave.
Footage of Joplin and the band in the studio shows Joplin in great form and taking charge during the recording for " Summertime ". The album featured a cover design by counterculture cartoonist Robert Crumb. Although Cheap Thrills sounded as if it consisted of concert recordings, like on "Combination of the Two" and "I Need a Man to Love", only "Ball and Chain" was actually recorded in front of a paying audience; the rest of the tracks were studio recordings.
On September 14, , culminating a three-night engagement together at Fillmore West, fans thronged to a concert that Bill Graham publicized as the last official concert of Janis Joplin with Big Brother and the Holding Company. Despite Graham's announcement that the Fillmore West gig was Big Brother's last concert with Joplin, the band—with Joplin still as lead vocalist—toured the U. Reflecting Joplin's crossover appeal, two October performances at a roller rink in Alexandria, Virginia, were reviewed by John Segraves of the conservative Washington Evening Star at a time when the Washington metropolitan area's hard rock scene was in its infancy.
Shortly she will be merely Janis Joplin, a vocalist singing folk rock on her first album as a single. Whatever she does and whatever she sings she'll do it well because her vocal talents are boundless. This is the way she came across in a huge, high-ceilinged roller skating rink without any acoustics but, thankfully a good enough sound system behind her. In a proper room, I would imagine there would be no adjectives to describe her. Gabriel Mekler, who produced Kozmic Blues, told publicist-turned-biographer Myra Friedman after Joplin's death that she had lived in his Los Angeles house during the June recording sessions at his insistence so he could keep her away from drugs and her drug-using friends.
Janis , which was reviewed by the Washington Post on March 21, ,  shows Joplin arriving in Frankfurt by plane and waiting inside a bus next to the Frankfurt venue, while an American female fan who is visiting Germany expresses enthusiasm to the camera no security was used in Frankfurt, so by the end of the concert, the stage was so packed with people the band members could not see each other.
Janis also includes interviews with Joplin in Stockholm and from her visit to London , for her gig at Royal Albert Hall. The London interview was dubbed with a voiceover in the German language for broadcast on German television. As Dick Cavett interviewed Joplin, she admitted that she had a terrible time touring in Europe, claiming that audiences there are very uptight and don't " get down ".
Released in September , the Kozmic Blues album was certified gold later that year but did not match the success of Cheap Thrills. Joplin wanted a horn section similar to that featured by the Chicago Transit Authority ; her voice had the dynamic qualities and range not to be overpowered by the brighter horn sound. Gleason of the San Francisco Chronicle , were negative. Gleason wrote that the new band was a "drag" and Joplin should "scrap" her new band and "go right back to being a member of Big Brother Bernstein's review said that Joplin "has finally assembled a group of first-rate musicians with whom she is totally at ease and whose abilities complement the incredible range of her voice.
Frequently suggestive with a series of limited but obvious moves, Miss Joplin wears hip-hugging silk bellbottoms and alternates between a wail and a teeth-rattling scream. Like Elvis in his pelvis-moving days or Wayne Cochran with his towering hairdo, Janis is a curiosity as well as a musical attraction. She cultivates a Madame of Rock image, lounging against an organ, exchanging profanities with bandsmen, cackling coarsely at private jokes, even taking a belt or two while onstage. She also has something to say in her songs, about the raw and rudimentary dimensions of sex, love and life.
She gets her point across, splitting a few eardrums in the process. Opening the Joplin concert were Teegarden and Van Winkle, an organ-drums duo Before her concert, Miss Joplin walked into the lobby and watched customers sic arrive.
She was not recognized. Joplin informed her band that they would be performing at the concert as if it were just another gig. On Saturday afternoon, when she and the band were flown by helicopter with the pregnant Joan Baez and Baez's mother from a nearby motel to the festival site and Joplin saw the enormous crowd, she instantly became extremely nervous and giddy.
Upon landing and getting off the helicopter, Joplin was approached by reporters asking her questions. She referred them to her friend and sometime lover Peggy Caserta as she was too excited to speak. Initially Joplin was eager to get on the stage and perform, but was repeatedly delayed as bands were contractually obliged to perform ahead of Joplin. Faced with a ten-hour wait after arriving at the backstage area, Joplin shot heroin and drank alcohol   with Caserta, and by the time of reaching the stage, Joplin was " three sheets to the wind ".
Joplin pulled through, however, and engaged frequently with the crowd, asking them if they had everything they needed and if they were staying stoned. The audience cheered for an encore, to which Joplin replied and sang "Ball and Chain". Pete Townshend , who performed with the Who later in the same morning after Joplin finished, witnessed her performance and said the following in his memoir: But even Janis on an off-night was incredible.
Starting at approximately 3: Joplin was ultimately unhappy with her performance, however, and blamed Caserta. Her singing was not included by her own insistence in the documentary film or the soundtrack for Woodstock: Music from the Original Soundtrack and More , although the 25th anniversary director's cut of Woodstock includes her performance of " Work Me, Lord ".
The documentary film of the festival that was released to theaters in includes, on the left side of a split screen , 37 seconds of footage of Joplin and Caserta walking toward Joplin's dressing room tent. Friedman said Joplin was "so drunk, so stoned, so out of control, that she could have been an institutionalized psychotic rent by mania. Joplin told rock journalist David Dalton that Garden audiences watched and listened to "every note [she sang] with 'Is she gonna make it?
At the time of this June interview, she had already performed in the Bay Area for what turned out to be the last time. Sam Andrew, the lead guitarist who had left Big Brother with Joplin in December to form her back-up band, quit in late summer and returned to Big Brother. At the end of the year, the Kozmic Blues Band broke up. She was accompanied on vacation there by her friend Linda Gravenites, who had designed the singer's stage costumes from to In Brazil, Joplin was romanced by a fellow American tourist named David George Niehaus, who was traveling around the world.
A Joplin biography written by her sister Laura said, "David was an upper-middle-class Cincinnati kid who had studied communications at Notre Dame. He tried law school, but when he met Janis he was taking time off. According to Joplin biographer Ellis Amburn, in Gravenites' snapshots they "look like a carefree, happy, healthy young couple having a tremendously good time.