Character and publication history Creation Batman's creator, Bob Kane, was a great movie fan and his love for film provided the impetus for several Batman characters, among them, Catwoman. She was partially inspired by s film star Jean Harlow who at Kane's then-early and, "impressionable age At the same time, this character was meant to be different from other Batman villains like the Joker in that she was never a killer or evil.
While dogs are faithful and friendly, cats are cool, detached, and unreliable. I felt much warmer with dogs around me—cats are as hard to understand as women are. Men feel more sure of themselves with a male friend than a woman. You always need to keep women at arm's length.
We don't want anyone taking over our souls, and women have a habit of doing that. So there's a love-resentment thing with women. I guess women will feel that I'm being chauvinistic to speak this way, but I do feel that I've had better relationships with male friends than women. With women, once the romance is over, somehow they never remain my friends. Although she does not wear her iconic cat-suit, the story establishes her core personality as a femme fatale who both antagonizes and attracts Batman.
It is implied Batman may have deliberately let her get away by blocking Robin as he tried to leap after her. She next appears in Batman 2 in a story also involving the Joker but escapes Batman in the end.
In Batman 3 she wears a fur mask and again succeeds in escaping Batman. Batman 62 December reveals that Catwoman was an amnesiac flight attendant who turned to crime after suffering a prior blow to the head during a plane crash she survived. She reveals this in the Batcave after being hit on the head by a piece of rubble while saving Batman while he was chasing her.
However, in issue of The Brave and the Bold , she later admits that she made up the amnesia story because she wanted a way out of the past life of crime. She reforms for several years, helping out Batman in Batman 65 June and 69 February , until she decides to return to a life of crime in Detective Comics January , after a newspaper publishes stories of Batman's past adventures and some crooks mock her about it.
However, Catwoman prevents her thugs from murdering Batman once he is later found knocked out, but quickly claims she wants him as a hostage. Catwoman appears again as a criminal in Batman 84 June and Detective Comics September for her final appearance until This was mostly due to her possible violation of the developing Comics Code Authority 's rules for portrayal of female characters that started in In the s comics, a series of stories taking place on Earth-Two the parallel Earth that was retroactively declared as the home of DC's Golden Age characters reveal that on that world, Selina reformed in the s after the events of Batman 69 and had married Bruce Wayne ; soon afterward, she gave birth to the couple's only child, Helena Wayne the Huntress.
The Brave and the Bold April elaborates upon the Golden Age origin of Catwoman given in Batman 62, after Selina reveals that she never suffered from amnesia. It is revealed that Selina Kyle had been in an abusive marriage, and eventually decided to leave her husband. However, her husband kept her jewelry in his private vault, and she had to break into it to retrieve it. Selina enjoyed this experience so much she decided to become a professional costumed cat burglar , and thus began a career that repeatedly leads to her encountering Batman.
Catwoman made her first Silver Age appearance in Superman's Girl Friend, Lois Lane 70 November ; afterward, she continued to make appearances across the various Batman comics. Several stories in the s featured Catwoman committing murder , something that neither the Earth-One nor Earth-Two versions of her would ever do. This version of Catwoman was assigned to the alternate world of Earth-B , an alternate Earth that included stories that could not be considered canonical on Earth-One or Earth-Two.
Please help improve it by removing unnecessary details and making it more concise. May Learn how and when to remove this template message Tangled origins Catwoman's origin—and, to an extent, her character—was revised in when writer Frank Miller and artist David Mazzucchelli published Batman: Year One , a revision of Batman's origin. She works as a dominatrix in order to survive and wants to break away from her abusive pimp and former boyfriend.
She witnesses his crimes and, because of an event that occurs to her sister, fears for her sister's life and begins to study self-defense and martial arts. Selina's teacher inspires her to become more than what she has been and she realizes that prostitution is no life for her, or for Holly. Holly Robinson is a young runaway who idolizes Selina, but is much too young to be on the streets as far as Selina is concerned. Selina shares her home with Holly after she takes her in. As the story progresses, Selina is led to a bit of burglary, and she dons a catsuit costume that her now former pimp gave to her the day that she told him she was out of the business.
After costuming herself so as not to be revealed, she gets a taste for burglary and begins to do it in more of a Robin-Hood way than as an actual thief. This is, however, how she runs into Batman.
After a small confrontation, she begins to be inspired to stay in her costume and become the "Catwoman" after seeing Batman in action with others. Selina gets the idea that, if there is a "bat", there can also be a "cat".
The Catwoman limited series, written by Mindy Newell and with art by J. Birch, expanded upon Miller's Year One origin. This storyline, known as "Her Sister's Keeper", explores Selina's early life as a dominatrix and the start of her career as Catwoman. The story culminates with Selina's former pimp, Stan, abducting and violently abusing her sister Maggie, who, in contrast to Selina, is a nun.
Selina kills Stan to save her sister, and gets away with it. Most of this is revealed in the former series, but is expanded upon in "Her Sister's Keeper".
Maria Kyle is a distant parent who preferred to spend her time with cats, and commits suicide when Selina is very young. Her alcoholic father, Brian, is cold to Selina for resembling her mother, whom he resents for dying, and eventually drinks himself to death.
To survive, Selina takes to the streets for a time before getting caught and sent first to an orphanage , then juvenile detention center ,  "where Selina began to see how hard the world could really be". However, when Ed Brubaker reintroduces her into the comic, he implies that Maggie may have directly entered an orphanage and promptly been adopted.
When she is 13 years old, Selina discovers that the detention center's administrator has been embezzling funds, and she confronts her. In an attempt to cover up her crime, the administrator puts Selina in a bag and drops her in a river to drown like a cat. She escapes and returns to the orphanage, where she steals documents exposing the administrator's corruption.
She uses these to blackmail the administrator into erasing "Selina Kyle" from the city's records, then steals the administrator's diamond necklace and escapes the orphanage.
Fortuna treats her students like slaves , keeping their earnings for herself. Selina eventually runs away, accompanied by her friend Sylvia. However, the two have difficulty surviving on their own, and in desperation try to support themselves by working as prostitutes. The two drift apart afterward, with Sylvia coming to resent Selina for not inquiring about what had happened to her at the hands of her abusive first client.
Year One story,  Selina, who is now an adult, achieves some success as a thief. Following a disastrous burglary, however, she accepts an offer to "lie low" as a dominatrix employed by a pimp named Stan.
They plan to trick men into divulging information that might be used in future crimes. According to this storyline, Selina trains under the Armless Master of Gotham City, receiving education in martial arts and culture.
During this time, a client gives her a cat o' nine tails , which Selina keeps as a trophy. Dark Victory , the sequel to The Long Halloween , implies that Catwoman suspects she is the illegitimate daughter of mafia boss Carmine Falcone , although she finds no definitive proof.
Selina's connection to the Falcone family is further explored in the miniseries Catwoman: Though the story adds more circumstantial evidence to the theory of Selina's Falcone heritage, establishing that the Falcones' second-born daughter was put up for adoption in America, it also supplies no definitive proof.
However, this relationship appears to end on the Fourth of July when Bruce rejects her advances twice; once as Bruce and once as Batman. She leaves him for good and also leaves Gotham for a while in Batman: Dark Victory , after he stands her up on two holidays. When the two meet at an opera many years later, during the events of Hush , Bruce comments that the two no longer have a relationship as Bruce and Selina. Catwoman also appears in the Batman: Knightfall saga, where she is approached by Bane 's henchmen while robbing a house.
Bane asks her to work for him, but she refuses, as she is repulsed by the criminal who "broke" Batman. Later in the story, she boards a plane with Bruce Wayne to fly to Santa Prisca. She next appears in the Batman: Knightquest saga, where Azrael is masquerading as Batman. She is one of the few to recognize that Batman is an impostor, later being present when the true Batman returns to the fold as he struggles against his successor, his willingness to save even criminals confirming his true identity for Selina.
Catwoman, the series Catwoman, painted by Joe DeVito over pencil art by the titular character's series artist Jim Balent In , Catwoman was given her first ongoing comic book series. This series, written by an assortment of writers, but primarily penciled by Jim Balent ,  generally depicted the character as an international thief and occasional bounty hunter with an ambiguous moral code.
Story-lines include her adoption of teenage runaway and former sidekick, Arizona; aiding Bane , who she later betrays to Azrael ; and a stint as a reluctant government operative. The series also delves into her origin, revealing her beginnings as a young thief, her difficult period in juvenile incarceration, and her training with Ted "Wildcat" Grant.
She plans to use this position to run for Mayor of New York City , but her hopes are dashed when the Trickster inadvertently connects her to her criminal alter ego. As Catwoman, she assists Batman against Lex Luthor in the reconstruction of the city.
After being arrested by Commissioner Gordon , she escapes from prison. Later that year, during the "Officer Down" storyline in the Batman titles, Catwoman is initially the chief suspect. Although later cleared, she displays increasingly erratic behavior throughout the story, with her series later revealing that she has developed a form of personality disorder after exposure to Scarecrow's fear gas, causing her to act as herself and an identity that appears to be her sister Maggie pretending to be her.
Soon afterward, she disappears and is believed to have been killed by the assassin Deathstroke the Terminator , ending her series at issue Catwoman then appears in a series of backup stories in Detective Comics — August—November This storyline leads into the newest Catwoman series in late written by Brubaker initially with Cooke, later joined by artist Cameron Stewart.
In this series, Selina Kyle, joined by new supporting cast members Holly and Slam Bradley a character from the early Golden Age DC Comics , becomes protector of the residents of Gotham's East End, while still carrying out an ambitious career as a cat burglar. Hush storyline, Batman and Catwoman briefly work together and have a romantic relationship, during which he reveals his true identity to her.
At the end, he breaks off their relationship when he suspects it has been manipulated by the Riddler and Hush. This is the second story to establish that she knows Batman's true identity.
In an early s storyline, Selina and Bruce develop a relationship. The concluding story features a closing panel in which she refers to Batman as "Bruce". A change in the editorial team at that point, however, brought a swift end to that storyline and, apparently, all that transpired during the story arc.