The relative prevalences were estimated based on a the number of groups devoted to a particular fetish, b the number of individuals participating in the groups and c the number of messages exchanged. The top garment fetish was clothes worn on the legs or buttocks such as stockings or skirts , followed by footwear, underwear, whole-body wear such as costumes and coats , and upper-body wear such as jackets or waistcoats.
A wide range of other garments have been the subject of less common fetishes. Separate from fetishes as a paraphilia are garments worn to enhance appearance, such as tight jeans or other eye-catching clothing.
The difference is whether, for the person concerned, the clothing is the focus of a sexual fetish, or is merely appreciated and found pleasing.
Restrictive clothing[ edit ] Clothing that limits the wearer's movement is commonly used for this property, particularly among bondage enthusiasts and it has common appearance in bondage-related fetish fashion. Such restrictive fashion, among others, includes corsets , collars , and hobble skirts. As many restrictive items of clothing belong to women's fashion, male restrictive clothing fetishists can have problems in obtaining and using such items without being labeled as transvestites.
A submissive or slave may also be forced to wear a tightly laced corset as a form of punishment or simply restriction. And the masochistic practice known as tightlacing creates a particular type of pleasure for the wearer.
In the s, pop music performers such as Madonna and Cyndi Lauper reintroduced and popularized the corset as a daring outerwear garment. This influence continues to the present day in both fetish and mainstream fashion. A hobble skirt is a long, tight skirt, extending below the knees and often ankle length, which is so tight that it is difficult to walk in.
When used as fetish clothing, it is often made of latex or PVC and sometimes corseted , to increase the restriction. Such skirts were briefly a mainstream fashion in the s; however, they were soon abandoned as impractical. Some men find it arousing to collect and wear stockings, sometimes hidden under a pair of trousers.
People with a fetish for socks may have no special attraction to feet or shoes. Some speculate that the strong attraction some men exhibit to the smell of socks worn by women may be an example of the existence of human pheromones — the hypothesis being that the sweat from women's feet may contain chemical attractants that arouse a male subject and that when a male subject is exposed to the smell of women's feet or footwear at a young age that young man may carry a strong psycho-chemical imprint which motivates his enthusiasm for worn socks or shoes later in life.
Many male sock fetishists are also highly specific regarding the nature of the socks that stimulate them, and this may be a product of exposure to particular types of clothing during the teenage years.
This belief is supported by observations that the nature of sock fetishism appears to differentiate according to age brackets and periods of clothing trends. There is also a regional trend in sock fetishes, with men who spent their teenage years living in northern climates exhibiting a strong interest in heavy wool socks.
Sneakers[ edit ] Sneaker fetishism is another specific form of shoe fetishism and like boot fetishism it can be accompanied by a fetish for the material from which it is made for example the rubber which the outsole and sidewall are made of can be a source of rubber fetishism.
It can also involve printed or electronic material with swimwear being worn. Jackets and coats[ edit ] Jacket fetishism is usually associated with the fixation or attraction to padded nylon jackets — though it can also be associated with leather jackets, particularly in association with Bondage BDSM. Jeans without pockets on the back are sometimes viewed as showing off one's buttocks and therefore more flattering.
Stretch jeans are often viewed as attractive because they have the appearance of being skin tight, while not binding like regular denim jeans would. An example of fetish denim would be "Zip Around Jeans", so called because their zipper unzips starting in the front and continues all the way to the back. Other popular styles include the lace up jean and multi button style jeans.
Crop Tops Half-Shirts [ edit ] Crop tops are particularly appealing to navel fetishists since exposure of the navel is accentuated by the bared midriff characteristic of such garments.
In so doing, the crop-top can highlight navel piercings , which have become popular. Gender-related clothes[ edit ] Fetishism may include various garments typically worn by or associated with a particular gender or gender expression. For example, this could describe an individual who is attracted to people wearing masculine-associated clothing items, like basketball shorts or a man's suit.
Certain gender-related elements of clothes could be the source of a fetish, include lace , ruffles , floral print, embroidery , back closures , or various colors such as mauve and pink. Uniform fetishism Among the most common uniforms in uniform fetish are those of a doctor, schoolgirl, police officer, nurse, French maid , sports player, waitress, cheerleader and Playboy Bunny. Some people also regard nuns ' habits or even aprons as uniforms. Sometimes, a uniform may be used appropriate to what is being done.
For example, someone may wear a nurse's uniform to administer an enema , a police uniform to handcuff and cage someone, or two equals dress as inmates for cell mate on cell mate activities in a prison setting or as submissive to a third guard player. This may add a sense of authenticity to the game play.
These materials may be fetishised because the garment acts as a fetishistic surrogate or second skin for the wearer's own skin. The material may be regarded as providing a superstimulus that is more intense than the normal response associated with real skin. This is heightened by the fact that the fur was originally an animal's skin and hair.
The most famous, and one of the earliest depictions of the topic was the semi-autobiographical novel Venus in Furs by Leopold von Sacher-Masoch. After the novel's success, Sacher-Masoch apparently decided to take on a fetish sadomasochism -lifestyle. Leather subculture Leather fetishism is the name popularly used to describe a sexual attraction to people wearing leather and or to the garments themselves. The smell and the sound of leather is often an erotic stimulus for people with a leather fetish.
Leather uniforms may also become a fetish. Leather is occasionally finished with a glossy surface and produced in bright colors, providing visual stimuli for some leather fetishists. The feel of tight leather garments worn may be experienced as a form of sexual bondage. Some bondage equipment is made from leather straps. The term " leather culture " was applied in the s in the USA gay sadomasochistic subculture as an umbrella term for alternate sexual practices.
The pony fetish involves the use of equestrian like gear fitted to humans. A woman wearing a black latex fetish catsuit and thigh-high boots. Woman wearing blue PVC shorts and top Main article: Latex or rubber fetishists may refer to themselves as "Rubberists". Varieties of latex fetishism include body inflation and attraction to transparent rubber. Latex fetishism includes wearing clothing made from latex, observing it worn by others, and enjoyment of erotic fantasies featuring latex garments, catsuits, hoods, divers or industrial protective clothing.
A common latex fetish icon is the dominatrix wearing a skin-tight glossy black latex or PVC catsuit. PVC fetishism is often closely associated with latex fetishism even though the two materials are very different. PVC fetishism involves an erotic attraction to shiny plastic clothes made from polyvinyl chloride PVC , polyurathane or similar man made materials. PVC may be mistaken for shiny patent leather.
PVC fetishism also includes an erotic attraction to clothing such as clear plastic raincoats, slipcovers , custom clothing made out of clear PVC or inflatable items. Nylon fetishism includes the wearing of shiny raincoats, jackets and trousers. In the case of heterosexuals, special preferences often include nylon clothing items designed for or belonging to the other sex.
One reason why spandex and other tight fabrics may be fetishised is that the garment forms a " second skin ," acting as a fetishistic surrogate for the wearer's own skin. Wearers of skin-tight nylon and cotton spandex garments can appear naked or coated in a shiny or matte substance like paint.
The tightness of the garments may also be seen as sexual bondage. Another reason is that nylon-spandex fabric preferred by many spandex fetishists is often produced with a very smooth and silk-like finish, which lends a tactile dimension to the fetish — as well as a visual one. There is a sexual attraction to leotards and other dance related clothing. This also goes for gymnasts too.
In comic books, superheroes , superheroines , and supervillains are generally depicted as wearing costumes made of spandex or a similar material. The superheroines always wear skintight, very flashy and bright-coloured costumes that usually cover only just enough of the body to be presentable.
Fantasies involving superheroes or the wearing of superhero costumes are commonly associated with spandex fetishism.
Full-body suits called zentai entirely immerse the wearer in skin tight fabric. The suits are essentially catsuits with gloves, feet, and a hood. The wearer experiences total enclosure and those who enjoy erotic objectification might make use of the garment's anonymizing aspect. The word zentai means whole body in Japanese.