Terms explained Sexually transmitted infection STI — any infection or disease that can be passed from one person to another during sexual activity. How do you get genital warts? It can take many weeks, months, or even years before any genital warts show. Genital warts are very easy to catch and pass on to your partners. Genital warts are very common. Most sexually active people have probably been exposed to the virus, but never get genital warts. What are the signs and symptoms?
If you see or feel unusual lumps on your genitals, or if you have had sex with someone who has genital warts, then see your doctor. Genital warts may not always be obvious, such as when they occur on the cervix the neck of the womb or inside the urethra the tube leading out from the bladder. How do you know if you have genital warts?
Your doctor can check for genital warts and any other sexually transmitted infection STI. Your partner should also be checked. How are genital warts treated? Your doctor can treat genital warts in several ways, and will tell you the best one for you. All sexual partners should be checked, and treated if they have genital warts. Avoid sex during the treatment period.
Use condoms with your partner for 6 months after treatment to prevent genital warts as this is when they are most likely to return. Is there a vaccination against genital warts?
Yes, there is now a vaccine that can protect you against some types of HPV that can cause genital warts and cervical cancer. Talk to your healthcare provider about if the HPV vaccine is right for you.
How can genital warts be prevented? You can reduce the risks of getting genital warts and other STIs by following this advice: Always use condoms or dams and water-based lubricant. Condoms are the best way to protect you both from STIs.
Have a long-term relationship where neither of you is already infected, and neither of you has other partners. Limit your sex partners. The fewer people you have sex with, the less chance you have of having sex with someone who has genital warts or other STIs. Have regular STI checks. Young people should be vaccinated against HPV before they become sexually active.
Free HPV vaccination is available through the year 8 school-based vaccination program. Translated information about genital warts.