Vatsayan during B. C asserted Indian music to be a total and unique assimilation of three aspects: Percussion instrument music for the rythmic values of music Nrityam: Dance- visualization with different physical or organic movements Medieval period From 7th to the 13th century AD, Indian music played a key role in India and outside.
In 7th century AD, Indian music was used to popularize the Hindu philosophy and religious ideas. Between the 9th and 12th centuries, Indian classical music saw marked qualitative improvement. From the 11th century onwards when India saw many advances by the Muslims from middle-east, it influenced Indian music greatly. Gradually North Indian Music evolved as a separate stream under their influence.
Tansen before conversion to Islamic religion was known as Tanna Mishra. One cannot deny that the Mughal rulers contributed substantially to the development of Indian Classical music in their own way.
In fact, Kheyal and also Toppa originated during their regime. Modern period started from the end of the eighteenth century. This period saw the gradual overthrowing of the Muslim rulers by the British who were indifferent to Indian culture and particularly classical music. This led to the decline of the court sponsored Musicians. Consequently, the musicians kept their knowledge and practice to themselves confining it within their own family members. Music became a vehicle of entertainment and was looked down upon in society.
This trend continued till the middle of the 19th century. During this period, the most notable music lover amongst the weakened Muslim stat rulers was Wajid Ali Shah, Nawab of Ayodhya. He was dethroned by the British and sent to jail in Calcutta Metiaburz. Wajid brought along with him a large number of poets and musicians.
He penned many kheyal and thumri songs. The beginning of 20th century saw the revival of Indian classical music. Amongst those who contributed to this revival, the names of Pt.
Bishnu Digambar paluskar, Pt. Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhananda need special mention. The process of notation in music invented by Bhatkhanadaji is now followed by Hindustani classical musicians.
The legacy left behind by these legendary figures is still nourished carefully by many ardent students of music in the country. Dalia Rahut was initially trained in Hindustani classical music by Pandit A.
Training under Vidushi Girija Devi from to , she is a true representative of the Banaras Gharana, excelling in thumri, dadra, tappa, kajri, holi, chaiti, jhula, bhajan and other semi-classical forms. Post SRA, she has devoted her life to the promotion of light classical music through teaching, workshops and vocal recitals in India and abroad.
She has conducted workshops on light classical music under the aegis of Paschim Banga Rajya Sangeet Academy, Kolkata and is an empanelled judge of the Academy.