Research sex education at primary level. Sex education made compulsory in all schools.



Research sex education at primary level

Research sex education at primary level

Open in a separate window The level of acceptance among respondents towards the suggested issue is further analyzed by the feedback given by them on how this particular sexual education module would be.

Looking at the obtained result, shows that Statistical analysis shows no any significant differences in the means between gender, as the value obtained for both male and female group are 1.

This result has lead to a conclusion that although the statistical analysis indicates that both means of module delivery are accepted, but generally it is preferred to be a chapter in religious or moral education subjects, referring to the rate of overall percentage. Final analysis was made on the agreement of respondents if the sexual education module were implemented during their schooling period.

Results analyzed gives mean differences between groups with 1. Independent Sample t-Test also shows a non-significant in which it means that the respondents agree if this module were imposed during their schooling time.

Discussion Acquired result indicates that in general, the implementation of sexual education is accepted by the respondents. In their point of view, this kind of education is very essential to prevent or at least to reduce the number of sexual-related misbehavior among Malaysian teenagers. It is also remarked that lack of precise information on sexual and reproductive health is the core reason for the occurrence of unwanted cases since sex is still a taboo subject in Malaysian community.

This might be the factor where adolescents did not receive formal or even non-formal education about sex, because they do not have the proper channel to seek for advice.

In addition, from to , most of the teenagers between the ages of 15 to 19 had received formal education about sexually transmitted diseases STDs , but one-third of them were not educated with proper knowledge on contraception Data from present study together with the reported studies 9 — 11 exhibits that teenagers from 15 to year-old are briefly occupied with basic knowledge on sex and might had experienced sexual intercourse.

Thus, this had brought to a suggestion that sex education should be age-appropriate The current study showed that sexual education is preferred for primary and higher secondary school students. Although for general Malaysian community, introducing sexual-related topics to primary school students seems not to be a good idea, but it is something that cannot be totally denied.

The best age to introduce sexual education depends on several factors including the physical, emotional, intellectual development and level of understanding of an individual Efficient sex education actually starts as early as before an individual reach puberty and before they have developed patterns of behavior Besides that, the content of the module itself plays a major role on the effectiveness of sexual education.

It would be best if the content covers on questions of what, when and how, to complement with what does the individual wants to know In comparison with the appropriate starting age of sexual education as early as to primary school students, exposing the subject matters to higher secondary school students is much agreed, as indicated in this study. This is due to the reason that sex education is the process of acquiring knowledge and forming attitudes and beliefs about sex, sexual identity, relationship, and intimacy Sexual education is also about developing skills of an individual to help them in protecting themselves against sexual abuse, exploitation, unwanted pregnancy and STDs 17 , Because of these reasons, the suitable age for introducing this module is agreed to higher secondary school students, where these students are at the phase of growing up and become a matured and responsible person.

This would be the right time to occupy them with necessary knowledge that will be useful in helping themselves to meet their needs and to enjoy their sexuality and relationships that they form in future In year alone, public schools in United States were more likely to require pregnancy and STDs prevention to be taught in high schools than in elementary or middle schools Delivering sexual education with full of confident and effective is very important.

The mode of delivery as well as the teachers who teach plays a significant role in determining the success of this kind of module Present data tells that generally, sexual education is accepted regardless the mean of delivery, but it is preferred to be incorporated in religious or moral education subjects. This definitely will be a good approach, because by learning religion and sexual education simultaneously, teenagers are exposed to a better understanding on sexual concerning their religious faith.

Besides incorporating this module with religious-related subjects, this module could also be a part of health education course in schools. Introducing sexual education in schools is generally accepted by respondents of the present study. This shows that Malaysian younger generations today are moving towards to create an open-minded community and are intending to break the taboo.

However, before the implementation of sexual education can been fully practiced, they are a few issues that should be considered first. Sexual education should incorporate all aspects of sexuality, including information about human reproductive anatomy and physiology, including body image, sexual orientation, sexual pleasure, values, decision making, communication, dating, relationships, sexually transmitted infections STIs and finally with how to avoid the sexual harrasment and also birth control methods.

These are all important because with effective sexual education will provide teenagers with an opportunity to explore the reasons why people have sex and to think about how it involves emotions, feelings, bodies, decisions and respect for each other Besides, with proper education and teaching, youths should be able to decide for themselves on what are the positives qualities of relationships.

This is important because with that information only, the students teenagers can understand how bullying, stereotyping, abuse, and exploitation can negatively influence relationships Providing information through sexual education is therefore are about finding out what young people already know and adding to their existing knowledge, and also correcting any misinformation, they may have In addition, deepest thanks to all of the faculty members for the kind encouragement and full support from the very beginning stage of this study until it are successfully completed.

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests. Ministry of Health Malaysia. Ministry of Health; Sexual practices in Malaysia: Sexual activities of Malaysian adolescents. The Guttmacher Policy Review. Impact of HIV and sexual health education on the sexual behavior of young people.

Sexuality and sex education at home and school. Adolescent Journal of Medicine. HIV and sexual health education in primary and secondary schools. Unpublished tabulations of data from the — National Survey of Family Growth. Educating teenagers about sex in the United States; p. School-based programmes to decrease sexual risk behaviours: Journal of Adolescent Health. Preventing HIV from early adolescence to young adulthood.

Universal declarations of human rights. United Nation Publications; New York: United Nations High Commissioner. Convention on the rights of the child. United Nations Publications; New York: European Union; Strasbourg, France: International Planned Parenthood Foundation. A comparison of student evaluations of a peer-delivered sex education programme and teacher-led programme.

Reducing the rate of teenage conceptions: Health Education Authority; Teenage pregnancy and parenthood: A review of reviews: Health Development Agency;

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Research sex education at primary level

Open in a separate window The level of acceptance among respondents towards the suggested issue is further analyzed by the feedback given by them on how this particular sexual education module would be. Looking at the obtained result, shows that Statistical analysis shows no any significant differences in the means between gender, as the value obtained for both male and female group are 1. This result has lead to a conclusion that although the statistical analysis indicates that both means of module delivery are accepted, but generally it is preferred to be a chapter in religious or moral education subjects, referring to the rate of overall percentage.

Final analysis was made on the agreement of respondents if the sexual education module were implemented during their schooling period. Results analyzed gives mean differences between groups with 1. Independent Sample t-Test also shows a non-significant in which it means that the respondents agree if this module were imposed during their schooling time.

Discussion Acquired result indicates that in general, the implementation of sexual education is accepted by the respondents. In their point of view, this kind of education is very essential to prevent or at least to reduce the number of sexual-related misbehavior among Malaysian teenagers.

It is also remarked that lack of precise information on sexual and reproductive health is the core reason for the occurrence of unwanted cases since sex is still a taboo subject in Malaysian community. This might be the factor where adolescents did not receive formal or even non-formal education about sex, because they do not have the proper channel to seek for advice.

In addition, from to , most of the teenagers between the ages of 15 to 19 had received formal education about sexually transmitted diseases STDs , but one-third of them were not educated with proper knowledge on contraception Data from present study together with the reported studies 9 — 11 exhibits that teenagers from 15 to year-old are briefly occupied with basic knowledge on sex and might had experienced sexual intercourse.

Thus, this had brought to a suggestion that sex education should be age-appropriate The current study showed that sexual education is preferred for primary and higher secondary school students. Although for general Malaysian community, introducing sexual-related topics to primary school students seems not to be a good idea, but it is something that cannot be totally denied.

The best age to introduce sexual education depends on several factors including the physical, emotional, intellectual development and level of understanding of an individual Efficient sex education actually starts as early as before an individual reach puberty and before they have developed patterns of behavior Besides that, the content of the module itself plays a major role on the effectiveness of sexual education.

It would be best if the content covers on questions of what, when and how, to complement with what does the individual wants to know In comparison with the appropriate starting age of sexual education as early as to primary school students, exposing the subject matters to higher secondary school students is much agreed, as indicated in this study.

This is due to the reason that sex education is the process of acquiring knowledge and forming attitudes and beliefs about sex, sexual identity, relationship, and intimacy Sexual education is also about developing skills of an individual to help them in protecting themselves against sexual abuse, exploitation, unwanted pregnancy and STDs 17 , Because of these reasons, the suitable age for introducing this module is agreed to higher secondary school students, where these students are at the phase of growing up and become a matured and responsible person.

This would be the right time to occupy them with necessary knowledge that will be useful in helping themselves to meet their needs and to enjoy their sexuality and relationships that they form in future In year alone, public schools in United States were more likely to require pregnancy and STDs prevention to be taught in high schools than in elementary or middle schools Delivering sexual education with full of confident and effective is very important.

The mode of delivery as well as the teachers who teach plays a significant role in determining the success of this kind of module Present data tells that generally, sexual education is accepted regardless the mean of delivery, but it is preferred to be incorporated in religious or moral education subjects.

This definitely will be a good approach, because by learning religion and sexual education simultaneously, teenagers are exposed to a better understanding on sexual concerning their religious faith. Besides incorporating this module with religious-related subjects, this module could also be a part of health education course in schools. Introducing sexual education in schools is generally accepted by respondents of the present study.

This shows that Malaysian younger generations today are moving towards to create an open-minded community and are intending to break the taboo. However, before the implementation of sexual education can been fully practiced, they are a few issues that should be considered first. Sexual education should incorporate all aspects of sexuality, including information about human reproductive anatomy and physiology, including body image, sexual orientation, sexual pleasure, values, decision making, communication, dating, relationships, sexually transmitted infections STIs and finally with how to avoid the sexual harrasment and also birth control methods.

These are all important because with effective sexual education will provide teenagers with an opportunity to explore the reasons why people have sex and to think about how it involves emotions, feelings, bodies, decisions and respect for each other Besides, with proper education and teaching, youths should be able to decide for themselves on what are the positives qualities of relationships.

This is important because with that information only, the students teenagers can understand how bullying, stereotyping, abuse, and exploitation can negatively influence relationships Providing information through sexual education is therefore are about finding out what young people already know and adding to their existing knowledge, and also correcting any misinformation, they may have In addition, deepest thanks to all of the faculty members for the kind encouragement and full support from the very beginning stage of this study until it are successfully completed.

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interests. Ministry of Health Malaysia. Ministry of Health; Sexual practices in Malaysia: Sexual activities of Malaysian adolescents. The Guttmacher Policy Review. Impact of HIV and sexual health education on the sexual behavior of young people. Sexuality and sex education at home and school. Adolescent Journal of Medicine.

HIV and sexual health education in primary and secondary schools. Unpublished tabulations of data from the — National Survey of Family Growth. Educating teenagers about sex in the United States; p. School-based programmes to decrease sexual risk behaviours: Journal of Adolescent Health. Preventing HIV from early adolescence to young adulthood. Universal declarations of human rights.

United Nation Publications; New York: United Nations High Commissioner. Convention on the rights of the child. United Nations Publications; New York: European Union; Strasbourg, France: International Planned Parenthood Foundation.

A comparison of student evaluations of a peer-delivered sex education programme and teacher-led programme. Reducing the rate of teenage conceptions: Health Education Authority; Teenage pregnancy and parenthood: A review of reviews: Health Development Agency;

Research sex education at primary level

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5 Comments

  1. Besides, with proper education and teaching, youths should be able to decide for themselves on what are the positives qualities of relationships. Sexual education should incorporate all aspects of sexuality, including information about human reproductive anatomy and physiology, including body image, sexual orientation, sexual pleasure, values, decision making, communication, dating, relationships, sexually transmitted infections STIs and finally with how to avoid the sexual harrasment and also birth control methods.

  2. School-based programmes to decrease sexual risk behaviours: Sexual education is also about developing skills of an individual to help them in protecting themselves against sexual abuse, exploitation, unwanted pregnancy and STDs 17 , The importance of knowledge for middle school students, who are almost certain to be pubertal, has been identified as an important focus for productive pedagogies [ 23 ].

  3. United Nations High Commissioner. There are also many sociological and evolutionary frameworks for sexual, gender and power relations see [ 21 , 37 , 45 ]. Characteristics of effective sex education and sexually transmitted infection HIV prevention programs by Kirby et al.

  4. Reducing the rate of teenage conceptions: It provides structured opportunities for children and adolescents to examine their values and attitudes, develop decision-making and communication skills and practise risk reduction and informed choice about their futures [ 22 ]. Providing theoretical starting points, and directions to achieve students' learning goals, may enhance the quality of Health teachers' conceptualizing and planning for implementing quality sexuality education knowledge and skills' teaching and learning.

  5. Providing theoretical starting points, and directions to achieve students' learning goals, may enhance the quality of Health teachers' conceptualizing and planning for implementing quality sexuality education knowledge and skills' teaching and learning. Knowledge is a very important part of sexuality education see [ 28 , 31 , 51 ] , particularly in light of the internal and invisible nature of many male and female sexual processes, such as such as the growth and development of ova, conception and the genetic determination of the sex of a baby [ 14 , 52 , 53 ]. Universal declarations of human rights.

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