Rankin in Celts and the Classical World notes that "Athenaeus echoes this comment a and so does Ammianus It seems to be the general opinion of antiquity. Diodorus went further, stating that "the young men will offer themselves to strangers and are insulted if the offer is refused".
Rankin argues that the ultimate source of these assertions is likely to be Poseidonius and speculates that these authors may be recording "some kind of bonding ritual There are several stories depicting love between those of the same sex, especially among kings and queens.
Kamasutra , the ancient Indian treatise on love talks about feelings for same sexes. Transsexuals are also venerated e. The death penalty was prescribed. Ancient Persia In Persia homosexuality and homoerotic expressions were tolerated in numerous public places, from monasteries and seminaries to taverns, military camps, bathhouses, and coffee houses. In the early Safavid era — , male houses of prostitution amrad khane were legally recognized and paid taxes.
Assyria In Assyrian society, sex crimes were punished identically whether they were homosexual or heterosexual. This law code condemns a situation that involves homosexual rape. Any Assyrian male could visit a prostitute or lie with another male, just as long as false rumors or forced sex were not involved with another male.
It was ruled that even a man who was "disreputable and questionable" had the same right as other citizens not to have his body subjected to forced sex. Juvenal remarks with disapproval that his friends often attended such ceremonies. His consort Sporus appeared in public as Nero's wife wearing the regalia that was customary for the Roman empress. By the end of the 4th century, after the Roman Empire had come under Christian rule , passive homosexuality was punishable by burning.
Evans-Pritchard recorded that in the past male Azande warriors in the northern Congo routinely took on young male lovers between the ages of twelve and twenty, who helped with household tasks and participated in intercrural sex with their older husbands. The practice had died out by the early 20th century, after Europeans had gained control of African countries, but was recounted to Evans-Pritchard by the elders to whom he spoke.
The younger partner in a pederastic relationship often was expected to make the first move; the opposite was true in ancient Greece.
The man was permitted, if the boy agreed, to take the boy as his lover until he came of age; this relationship, often formalized in a "brotherhood contract",  was expected to be exclusive, with both partners swearing to take no other male lovers. The Samurai period was one in which homosexuality was seen as particularly positive. Later when Japanese society became pacified, the middle classes adopted many of the practices of the warrior class. Lesotho Anthropologists Stephen Murray and Will Roscoe reported that women in Lesotho engaged in socially sanctioned "long term, erotic relationships" called motsoalle.
The Etoro and Marind-anim for example, even viewed heterosexuality as wasteful and celebrated homosexuality instead. They believed that in sharing semen, they are sharing their life force, yet women simply wasted this force any time they didn't get pregnant after sex.
In many traditional Melanesian cultures a prepubertal boy would be paired with an older adolescent who would become his mentor and who would "inseminate" him orally, anally, or topically, depending on the tribe over a number of years in order for the younger to also reach puberty.