Find articles by A. Owoaje Find articles by E. Faseru Find articles by B. Ebong Find articles by I. Adekunle Find articles by B. Adolescents and young people with disabilities generally face various forms of discrimination.
Inspite of this, they have to deal with similar reproductive health issues encountered by their abled peers. This situation is made worse by misconceptions that they are not sexually active. The objective was to compare the sexual practices of the hearing impaired students with their non-hearing impaired counterparts. A cross-sectional survey was conducted. All consenting deaf students and an equal number of hearing students attending a half way school in Ibadan participated.
Four of the hearing students did not complete the survey and their responses were excluded from the final analysis. A total of 78 deaf students and 74 hearing students with mean ages of Median ages at sexual debut were 16 and 14 years for the deaf and hearing students respectively.
The number of sexual partners ever had ranged from 1 to 8 among the deaf and 1 to 6 among the hearing students. The study revealed that hearing-impaired students like their hearing counterparts were sexually active however deaf students were more likely to engage in unsafe sex. There is therefore a pressing need for comprehensive sexuality education for deaf students in the study area. Sexual and reproductive health issues are important aspects of this developmental process. Findings from the NDHS, revealed that 7.
The challenges are greater for adolescents and young people with disabilities as they face various forms of discrimination because of their impairments 5.
Unfortunately, there is minimal comprehensive data on adolescents and people with disabilities in Nigeria. Though current figures are not available, the National Population Census reported a crude disability rate CDR of 0.
This data was however limited to seven categories — deaf, dumb, deaf and dumb, blind, crippled, mentally ill and other disabilities and underestimates the magnitude of the problem 6. Facilities available for catering for these children are grossly inadequate. Not only do they have less access to education they often face other forms of discrimination and eventually have fewer opportunities for gainful existence than their hearing counterparts 5.
In addition, there are many misconceptions about their sexuality as it is sometimes assumed that persons with disabilities are asexual and consequently do not require education about their sexuality 7.
As a result, inadequate attention is often given to address their reproductive health needs. These issues call for urgent attention when viewed against the national HIV prevalence rate of 3. Results of the sexual practices of the two groups of students are reported here. Findings of which were used to estimate the minimum sample size required for this current study. Hearing-impaired students in the study school are allocated to one arm in each class i. In this arm they constitute about a quarter of the total number of students 45 — All the 78 deaf students in the junior and senior secondary sections of the school who were present at the time of the study were interviewed.
The hearing students were first stratified by sex, thereafter, a simple random sample of seventy-eight of them was selected from the same class arms as the deaf students. Seventy-four of the 78 hearing students who were selected completed the survey questionnaire. Permission to conduct the study was obtained from the school authorities and informed consent was obtained from each of the students.
Questionnaires were self-administered and three of the school tutors assisted with clarification of questions for the deaf students. Frequencies were generated and chi-square test used to test associations between categorical variables. Seventy-eight deaf students participated, 48 Seventy-four hearing students - 44 Mean ages were