In and around Stockton are thousands of miles of waterways , which make up the California Delta. Interstate 5 and State Route 99 , inland California's major north-south highways, pass through the city. Stockton and Sacramento are California's only inland sea ports. According to the United States Census Bureau , the city occupies a total area of They built their villages on low mounds to keep their homes above regular floods.
It was a centuries-old Native American footpath that lead through the Sacramento Valley over the Cascades and into present-day Oregon. When Captain Charles Maria Weber , a German immigrant, decided to try his hand at gold mining in late , he soon found selling supplies to gold-seekers was more profitable. He applied in Weber's place for a land grant of eleven square leagues on the east side of the San Joaquin River.
Weber built the first permanent residence in the San Joaquin Valley on a piece of land now known as Weber Point. Stockton was the first community in California to have a name that was neither Spanish nor Native American in origin. After the gold rush, many worked for the railroads and land reclamation projects in the Sacramento—San Joaquin River Delta and remained in Stockton.
By , Stockton was home to the third-largest Chinese community in California. Discriminatory laws, in particular the Chinese Exclusion Act of , restricted immigration and prevented the Chinese from buying property.
Only after the Magnuson Act was repealed in , were American-born Chinese allowed to buy property and own buildings. Incorporation The city was officially incorporated on July 23, , by the county court, and the first city election was held on July 31, In , the City of Stockton received its charter from the State of California. The historical population diversity is reflected in Stockton street names, architecture, numerous ethnic festivals, and in the faces and heritage of a majority of its citizens.
In , the Census Bureau reported Stockton's population as Many Chinese were immigrating to California as workers in these years, especially for the Transcontinental Railroad. On Thanksgiving Day, Nov. That's the name for it. The vehicle on the right is a Holt tractor; on the left is a miniature replica of a British tank.
The British and French armies were using many hundreds of Holt tractors to haul heavy guns and supplies during World War I , and Swinton publicly thanked Holt and his workforce for their contribution to the war effort. Although Britain did develop tanks, they came from a separate source and were not directly derived from Holt machines.
Dennis collection of stereoscopic views, ca. The extensive network of waterways in and around Stockton was fished and navigated by Miwok Indians for centuries. During the California Gold Rush , the San Joaquin River was navigable by ocean-going vessels, making Stockton a natural inland seaport and point of supply and departure for prospective gold-miners. From the midth century onward, Stockton became the region's transportation hub, dealing mainly with agricultural products.
By the Stockton Electric Railroad Company operated forty streetcars over 28 miles of track. This created commercial opportunities that fueled the city's growth. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Stockton Assembly Center.
One of fifteen temporary detention sites run by the Wartime Civilian Control Administration , the center held some 4, Japanese Americans removed from their West Coast homes under Executive Order , while they waited for transfer to more permanent and isolated camps in the interior of the country. The center opened on May 10, and operated until October 17, when the majority of its population was sent to Rohwer , Arkansas.
The former incarceration site was named a California Historical Landmark in , and in a marker was erected at the entrance to the fairgrounds. Formerly known as Ruff and Ready Island Naval Supply Depot , the island's facilities had served as a major communications outpost for submarine activities in the Pacific during the Cold War.
The site is slowly being redeveloped as commercial property. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. April Learn how and when to remove this template message Historically an agricultural community, Stockton's economy has since diversified into other industries, which include telecommunications and manufacturing.
Stockton's central location, relative to both San Francisco and Sacramento , as well as its proximity to the state and interstate freeway system, together with its comparatively inexpensive land costs, have prompted several companies base their regional operations in the city.
Construction and public spending[ edit ] View across Stockton metropolitan airport, Beginning in the late s, under the mayorship of Gary Podesto, Stockton had commenced some revitalization projects. DeCarli Square has become a popular urban place hosting music, art and religious events, festivals, farmers' markets, and social gatherings. Various public art projects were also installed throughout the area see Stockton's public art section.
Stockton found itself squarely at the center of the United States' speculative housing bubble in the s. Real estate in Stockton more than tripled in value between and , but when the bubble burst in , the ensuing financial crisis made Stockton one of the hardest-hit cities in United States. Because of the shrinking economy, Stockton also had an unemployment rate of Stockton was rated by Forbes in as America's fifth most dangerous city because of its crime rate.
It was surpassed by Detroit in July The city approved of a plan to exit bankruptcy in October ,  and voters approved a sales tax on November 5, to help fund the exit. On June 28, , Stockton filed for Chapter 9 bankruptcy. The Stockton bankruptcy case lasted more than two years and received nationwide attention. While there were many possible factors that led to the Chapter 9 filing including the real estate crash and failed city projects, Stockton was watched along with Detroit to see whether a federal judge will override state law and rule that pensions for municipal employees could be at risk.
Pensions in California are protected by the so-called "California Rule," which says that public workers are guaranteed the pension in place the day they were hired.
According to the US Constitution and laws passed by the US Congress all bankruptcies in the US are administered by federal courts according to federal law with some allowances for state law.
In an average year, about eighty percent of the Located in the Central Valley , the temperatures range is much greater than in the nearby Bay Area.
Tule fog blankets the area during some winter days. Stockton lies in the fertile heart of the California Mediterranean climate prairie delta , about equidistant from the Pacific Ocean and the Sierra Nevada.
There are an average of 55 days with measurable precipitation. Only light amounts of snow have been recorded; the most was 0.