However, the reality is that we have approximately 4, known sex registrants in our county at any point in time. Protecting the community from them, as well as from all sexual predators, is a priority of the District Attorney's Office. California citizens are able to identify sex offenders who may be living in their neighborhoods by using the Megan's Law website, but there are other steps which can be taken to protect families.
So while stranger-danger is real, these heart-wrenching assaults are more likely to come from those we least expect to harm our children. We urge citizens to be very cautious about anyone included in their "Circle of Trust. Together we can make a difference. San Diego State Parole and San Diego County Probation have specialized sex offender supervision officers for those on probation and parole. Liberty is responsible for day-to-day supervision of each SVP.
They work closely with local law enforcement in this process. San Diego County also has focused, specialized efforts toward sex offender monitoring in additional to individual law enforcement programs Sexual Assault Felony Enforcement Task Force SAFE Every law enforcement agency in San Diego participates, including state and federal agencies.
Full time assigned agents to the SAFE team from the Sheriff, San Diego Police, state parole, county probation, District Attorney SAFE's mission is to prevent sexual offending though the monitoring of known offenders to insure compliance with registration statutes, and to assist in community notifications and sex crimes investigations. For more information go to sdsafe. Works with law enforcement and prosecutors countywide to insure effective investigation and prosecution of sex offenders.
Working with law enforcement and Liberty Healthcare, former and current SVP's are closely monitored to determine changing behaviors which may increase risk San Diego Sex Offender Management Council SOMC informal collaboration of professionals involved in sex offender management and supervision includes law enforcement, prosecutors, defense, treatment providers, polygraph provider, probation, parole, victim advocates and county public safety administration For more information go to sdsomc.
Sex offenders come from all walks of life, all professions, all races and all socio-economic groups. Women can be predators, though it is statistically less common. In short, they look just like you and me. Registrants on the Megan's Law website are only those offenders who have been convicted of crimes Stranger-danger is real, but rare. Focus on who is in your "circle of trust. Sex offenders can be well-educated, trusted, long-standing members of the community.
They can be married with families of their own. Don't allow that person to have access to your child. Report any suspicious behavior to law enforcement immediately. For more prevention tips go to How to Protect Yourself and Your Family For more information on the characteristics of sex offenders, go to Facts About Sex Offenders For more information on adult sexual assaults see Prevent Rape Who has to register and for how long?
Lifetime registration for all sex crimes whether committed in California or elsewhere. A small class of persons with minor sex crimes i.
Certain classes of consenting sexual activity between persons close in age can result in registration, but it is not mandatory. These are primarily statutory rape-type crimes. Judges make that decision at the time of sentencing. Juveniles are subject to registration for certain crimes only if they go to California Youth Authority or similar prison setting for youthful offenders All sexually violent predators and mentally disordered sex offenders must register for life No ability to remove registration requirement for majority of crimes except a Governor's Pardon and Certificate of Rehabilitation described above.
Public information for certain offenders has been available to the public in California since via the Department of Justice Megan's Law website. Prior to that time, this information was available only to law enforcement or if a citizen did individual public court record search. The most serious offenders will have a full address.
The records are updated regularly via local law enforcement registration process. This is a legal determination made by the Department of Justice. By law, no information, except that available in public court records, can be disclosed concerning those registrants.
Registrants whose only registrable sex offenses are for the following offenses may apply to the state Department of Justice for exclusion from the public website: This means that a one time offender, who molests a child family member and who successfully completes probation, could potentially be excluded from the public website by operation of law.
This is why proactive prevention is so important, as discussed above. Registered sex offenders who are granted exclusion from the Internet web site must still register as sex offenders for life.
National sex offender registry covers all 50 states, Puerto Rico, Guam, the District of Columbia, and participating tribes.
The website is a search tool allowing a user to submit a single national query to obtain information about sex offenders nationwide. It is a compilation of all state and regional registration public databases. What can I do with website information?
Use this information to reasonably protect yourself and your family. Be cautious in reprinting and distributing information because there are criminal penalties for misuse of the information. Refer others to the website to share what you have learned.
For more on how to use the website and information there see Frequently Asked Questions. Why aren't these offenders in prison for life? Criminal penalties for sexual offenses have been dramatically strengthened since the early 90's, however many registrant's crimes preceded these changes and they avoided these strong penalties. In the "three strikes" law was passed allowing for doubled or lifetime sentences for criminals with prior convictions for serious or violent felonies.
Also in , the "one strike" law for sexual offenses was passed that provided for 15 or 25 years to life, for first time sex offenses, provided certain special circumstances were pled and proved. Those special circumstances include kidnapping, burglary, tying and binding, personal use of a dangerous weapon, infliction of great bodily injury broken bones or extensive suturing , multiple victims, or offenses committed in concert with another, to name a few.
In , Proposition 83 Jessica's Law and in , AB Chelsea's Law , further strengthened California statutes and provided even more stringent sentences for sexual offenders.
Why are offenders still living in my neighborhood? Penal Code section There have been on-going constitutional challenges to these kinds of residency restrictions in California and nationwide. There is disagreement among experts about whether residency restrictions are of any value in preventing future offenses, with most saying they do little to protect the public.
Jessica's Law Residency restrictions are only being enforced by State Parole at this time. So no parolee will be permitted to live near a school. Constitutional challenges to parolee residency restrictions have been partially rejected by the California Supreme Court in Feb. Eight local ordinances have been passed Parolees must find their own housing and have it approved. Some have found housing in sober living facilities, or group-type homes. When that occurs, the law forbids more than 6 parolees living at the same address.
If you are concerned about a group home in your neighborhood, contact law enforcement. If you have a known offender or anyone else in your neighborhood who is engaging in suspicious activities such as lingering near a school yard, report this to law enforcement immediately. Can offenders be around schools or volunteer to work with children? In most circumstances, registered offenders are restricted from being at schools and working with children, if they are going to have primary control and supervision of those children.
Registrant may not be at in any school building or on school ground without "lawful business" and permission of school. Registrant may not volunteer or work with children directly and unaccompanied setting on more than an incidental and occasional basis without divulging his status to the person, group or organization. If his underlying crime was against a child under 16, cannot volunteer or work with children directly and unaccompanied on more than an incidental basis, or have disciplinary or supervisory power over minor children, even if he discloses.
Violations of these restrictions are misdemeanor crimes. Can registrants work wherever they want to? There are prohibited professions i. Some licensing boards allow for reinstating license after a period of time under certain circumstances. For a summary of those restricted professions see Prohibited and Restricted Professions Employers are responsible for background checks and many perform extensive reviews before hiring.
If you are concerned that a person is working in an area which threatens public safety, report that to law enforcement so they can investigate and alert employers, if necessary. Global Positioning Systems GPS tell law enforcement of an offender's location, but not what the offender is doing. As such, it is a law enforcement tool but not a guarantee that a monitored offender will not engage in illegal or violent behavior.
Monitoring of the Person Although Jessica's Law included a provision for lifetime monitoring of sex offenders who have been to prison, only parole and certain probationers are personally monitored via GPS All CA registered sex offenders on parole have GPS supervision since after Jessica's Law passed.
Supervision is generally passive i. In addition, parolee "tracks" are reviewed daily. Passive means that parolee tracks are available for review by law enforcement as requested Penal Code section b requires lifetime monitoring of all sex offenders but did not assign responsibility for monitoring to any one agency, provide for funding, or discuss penalty for failure to provide the monitoring.
State parole sends letters to the local law enforcement when someone is released off parole. No local law enforcement is able to conduct GPS monitoring at this time on persons discharged from parole. Monitoring via other GPS Methods GPS is an on-going law enforcement tool in the investigation of registrant movements in the community when crimes are suspected i.
Certain violent sex offenders are identified in prison as posing an extreme risk to the community if they are released to the community. Prison inmates who have violent sex crimes in their history are assessed for possible civil commitment before they are released to parole supervision. To be assessed for SVP commitment, an inmate must have a serious sex crime with one victim and a diagnosed mental disorder to go through the SVP evaluation process.
If found to be an SVP following a trial, the former prison inmate is involuntarily committed to the Department of State Hospitals for an indeterminate term. This means, he may be hospitalized for life. Following the passage of Jessica's Law in California, many SVPs who might gain unsupervised community release will still have some parole time where the offender continues to be supervised for a period of time following release from the Department of State Hospitals.
San Diego County has a number of current and former SVPs in the community on the conditional release program.