Avoiding STIs 1 Use latex condoms. Male condoms should be used for any kind of sex, including vaginal, anal, and oral contact. The male latex condom is easy to use, efficient and cheap. It is also widely available for free at Planned Parenthood locations, other counseling services, and many schools.
Make sure to properly place the condom on the erect penis. Doing this together can create a more intimate experience. Remember, both partners are responsible for safe sex. If you are sexually active, you should always have a supply of condoms on hand. Make sure to regularly check the expiration date, too. Condoms do not typically break when used properly; however, if the condom rips or tears during intercourse, make sure that both partners get tested within 10 days.
Female condoms can be used for vaginal penetrative sex. They are effective against most STIs and can help reduce the chances of pregnancy. Though the failure rate is higher than with hormonal contraception, female condoms can be very effective when used in combination with other protection. That can cause friction that will tear one or both of the condoms, making them ineffective. Make sure to carefully read the instructions on the packaging. You want to ensure that you properly insert the female condom.
You will insert the female condom in a similar manner as inserting a tampon. The penis should be inside the female condom during intercourse. It is unlikely that the female condom will break if used correctly; however, if there is a tear, make sure to visit your physician to get tested within 10 days.
Dental dams are latex sheets, or condoms that have been cut open to form squares. When used correctly, dental dams have been proven to reduce the risk of passing blood and other fluids to the mouth from the genitals. You can use them when performing oral sex on both the vulva and the anus.
Rinse off any cornstarch if necessary, as this can promote vaginal infection. Cover the genitalia or anus while performing oral sex. Never switch back and forth between the vagina and anus without first replacing the dental dam. While friction can be a pleasurable feeling during sex, it can also heighten the risk of infection. Friction is often the cause of broken condoms or dental dams. To prevent too much friction, try using a lubricant during intercourse.
Don't use an oil-based lube on a latex condom. It will break down the latex. Instead, choose an water-based lubricant. Silicon-based lubes are also a good choice. You can also use lubricants to make dental dams more supple and less likely to tear.
You and your partner can engage in sexual activities that carry absolutely no risk. Be creative and explore new ways to turn each other on. You can use words and fantasies to arouse one another. Some no risk sexual acts include: The risk of infection when having intercourse anally is greater because the skin of the anus is thinner, making infection and disease transmission more of a possibility. Likewise, sexually transmitted diseases and infections are transmittable between the mouth and the genitals, making unprotected oral sex also a risky behavior.
You can still be intimate without engaging in intercourse. Talk to your partner about trying out some new sexual activities. Keep sex toys clean. Always wash them between uses, and never use one that you're not sure is clean. A weak solution of disinfectant in a bowl of water is a cheaper option. Rinse the toys well and be sure to dry them before storing them in a sealed bag in a clean and dry environment.
Do not share sex toys with partners you aren't fluid-bonded with since you can spread infections this way. Method Consulting Your Doctor 1 Get tested regularly. Get tested together with a monogamous partner before deciding to stop using protection. You should continue to get tested regularly even when you are in a relationship, to be on the safe side.
It is better to get tested than to unknowingly be infected with an STI. It's not lame to request that your partner do this enthusiastically and willingly. If your partner doesn't want to go together, ask them to go on their own and share the results with you. You can try saying, "I respect your need for privacy. But please remember that this affects both of our bodies and health. We need to share this information with each other.
Educating yourself can help keep you safe. One of the best ways to protect yourself is to boost your knowledge. Take some time to learn about different STIs. You can learn about methods of contraction, and symptoms.
Your doctor is one of your best resources. Ask your doctor for some information or look at a reputable website. For that reason, it is often unknowingly passed to others. Ask your doctor to test for all STIs before you sleep with a new partner. Genital warts are another common STI. These warts are easily spread by skin-to-skin contact. The flesh-colored bumps may look similar to cauliflower. Your doctor can help you find the best treatment plan.
If you notice any changes in your body, visible or not, don't hesitate to contact your doctor. You're always better safe than sorry. One of the best ways to prevent certain STIs is by getting vaccinated. There are currently vaccines that can be used to prevent hepatitis A and B, and human papillomavirus HPV.
Talk to your doctor about whether these vaccines are right for you. It is given in three doses over six months. The CDC states that this vaccine is safe for all women between those ages. The HPV vaccine is also recommended for boys, given at age 11 — 12 years The CDC recommends the Hepatitis A vaccine for all children, men who engage in intercourse with other men, and illegal drug users.
There are many populations who should receive the Hepatitis B vaccine. Children under 19 who have not previously been vaccinated Intravenous drug users Men who have sex with men Individuals with HIV or chronic liver disease 4 Get treated.
Part of having safe and responsible sex is making sure that you are not passing a disease to your partner. If you have contracted an STI, you need to make sure that you receive the proper medical treatment. If you receive a positive diagnosis, ask your doctor about the best treatment option for you. Your doctor will prescribe a course of antibiotics as a treatment.
For this, and any infection, make sure to take the medicine exactly as instructed. Ask your doctor if you have any questions, or are concerned about side effects. You need to get tested as soon as possible.
You might find yourself in a situation where you want to knowingly engage in high-risk sex. For example, maybe your partner was previously diagnosed with HIV. Talk to your doctor before engaging in sexual activity.
You can say, "My partner is HIV-positive. What extra steps can we take to make sure that I remain negative? If you or your partner have questions, make sure to ask. It is possible to have a healthy and happy sex life with someone who has tested positive. You just need to make sure that safety is always part of your routine.
Method Preventing Unwanted Pregnancies 1 Try the pill. The most common type of hormonal birth control is often referred to as "the pill" and is taken orally every day. If you're interested in hormonal birth control, talk to your gynecologist or general care provider about a prescription. Hormonal birth control is incredibly effective, but only when taken properly and consistently. You need to take your pill at the same time each day, and avoid smoking, which can increase your blood-pressure and other cause dangerous health concerns.
Pay attention to how your body responds to the hormones, and discuss any concerns. It sometimes takes some experimenting to get the right medication.