Fembots in Japan, for example, are designed with slenderness and grace in mind,  and they are employed in ways that help to maintain traditional family structures and politics in a nation that is seeing a population decline. This research has been used to elucidate gender cues, clarifying which behaviors and aesthetics elicit a stronger gender-induced response. The first was produced by Sex Objects Ltd, a British company, for use as a "sex aid". It was called simply "36C", from her chest measurement, and had a bit microprocessor and voice synthesiser that allowed primitive responses to speech and push button inputs.
The robot's creator, Clayton Bailey , a professor of art at California State University, Hayward called this "censorship" and "next to book burning. List of fictional gynoids Artificial women have been a common trope in fiction and mythology since the writings of the ancient Greeks.
This has continued with modern fiction, particularly in the genre of science fiction. In science fiction, female-appearing robots are often produced for use as domestic servants and sexual slaves, as seen in the film Westworld , Paul J. McAuley 's novel Fairyland , and Lester del Rey 's short story " Helen O'Loy " ,  and sometimes as warriors, killers, or laborers. The character of Annalee Call in Alien Resurrection is a rare example of a non-sexualized gynoid.
Although not robotic, Galatea 's inorganic origin has led to comparisons with gynoids. A long tradition exists in literature of the construction of an artificial embodiment of a certain type of ideal woman, and fictional gynoids have been seen as an extension of this theme. Probably most famous, however, is Pygmalion , one of the earliest conceptualizations of constructions similar to gynoids in literary history, from Ovid 's account of Pygmalion.
The first gynoid in film, the maschinenmensch "machine-human" , also called "Parody", "Futura", "Robotrix", or the "Maria impersonator", in Fritz Lang 's Metropolis is also an example: These fembots were a line of powerful, lifelike gynoids with the faces of protagonist Jaime Sommers 's best friends. While not truly artificially intelligent , the fembots still had extremely sophisticated programming that allowed them to pass for human in most situations.
The term fembot was also used in Buffy the Vampire Slayer referring to a robot duplicate of the title character, a. The science-fiction cult film Cherry also portrayed a gynoid character which was described by the male protagonist as his "perfect partner". More recently, the science-fiction film Ex Machina featured a genius inventor experimenting with gynoids in an effort to create the perfect companion. Gender[ edit ] Fiction about gynoids or female cyborgs reinforce essentialist ideas of femininity, according to Margret Grebowicz.
However, she still has some stereotypically feminine qualities, such as a matronly shape and a predisposition to cry. International Man of Mystery. The stereotypical role of wifedom has also been explored through use of gynoids. In The Stepford Wives , husbands are shown as desiring to restrict the independence of their wives, and obedient and stereotypical spouses are preferred.
The husbands' technological method of obtaining this "perfect wife" is through the murder of their human wives and replacement with gynoid substitutes that are compliant and housework obsessed, resulting in a "picture-postcard" perfect suburban society.
This has been seen as an allegory of male chauvinism of the period, by representing marriage as a master-slave relationship, and an attempt at raising feminist consciousness during the era of second wave feminism.
The film's sequels had cameo appearances of characters revealed as fembots. Jack Halberstam writes that these gynoids inform the viewer that femaleness does not indicate naturalness, and their exaggerated femininity and sexuality is used in a similar way to the title character's exaggerated masculinity, lampooning stereotypes.