The Mandaikadu festival is celebrated in March by people of the district and by those in Kerala. Traditionally, participants would chant while walking and other people would provide them with butter, milk, water, jaggery , and coffee. The festival, which is celebrated for ten days, later became a social function, especially on Sunday.
Lord Muruga from Kumarakoil also accompany Annai in a procession, riding a horse. This practice has been in vogue since when the rulers of the erstwhile Trivancore Samasthanam province changed their headquarters from Padmanabhapuram in Thuckalay to Trivandrum. This practice exemplifies the strong connection between the erstwhile Malai Nattu kerala rulers and Kumarakoil.
The Kootalmoodu festival is celebrated for ten days. In the 10th day festival ends with grand fire works "vana vedikai" which starts in mid-night and ends at early morning. The great Shivrathiri festival is famous in this district. The devotees run to 12 Shiva temple situated in all around district. This ceremony temple is called Sivalaya Ottam , meaning 'the run to Shiva Temples'. This ceremony starts on the day before Shivarathri by taking a darshan at Thirumala Shiva Temple in Munchirai and ends on the next day by taking a darshan at Thirunattalam Shiva Temple.
It is noted that though the devotees are going to Shiva temples, they chant Vaishnava names 'Govinda Gopala'. According to the beliefs, it is establishing that Shiva and Vishnu are both one and the same. The Ayya vaikunda Avataram , is widely celebrated throughout the district. On the eve of Christmas, carol services visit the families and sing songs all night. The carol services usually travel in decorated trucks. New Year is celebrated with Vana Vediakkai fireworks and local games such as Valukku Panai slippery palm , a game in which a person has to climb an Areca palm that is flooded with oil.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. July Learn how and when to remove this template message The main source of food is coming from rice and rice products.
Those are may be used to make dosa, idily, appam and puttu, etc. Rice is the staple food of the people, although for some people in the hilly areas, tapioca is the main food. Though there are some vegetarians among the populace, a majority of the people use agro, meat and fish products.
Fish caught in the seas around the district during the night or early morning hours reach the markets in the interior towns and villages in the early morning. Oysters are usd to prepare Chippi appam. Also they prepare a coffee made by karuppatti during the winter season.
The food for example, Chakkoli is spicy, and the people in the district tend to use more grated coconut in their curries and food-preparations. One is the National Highway 44 that starts from the town and runs through Madurai and the other is the NH The state-owned Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation is the major operator[ citation needed ] of bus services in the district, though licences are issued for specific routes to private operators. Today, there are There is a proposal to build an airport in Nagercoil by Airports Authority of India.
Education[ edit ] Colleges of higher education are found throughout the district, mainly arts, science and engineering colleges. The Scott Christian College , founded by William Tobias Ringeltaube in Nagercoil, is more than years old and is one of the earliest colleges in India and the oldest college in the Madras Presidency.
Many private Engineering Colleges including a private university were started-functioning in the recent past. No fewer than 30 engineering colleges are functioning in the district which are currently affiliated to the Anna University; arts and science colleges are affiliated to Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli.
Noorul Islam University is the only private university functioning at Thuckalay. People from Kanyakumari district occupy many senior level state and central Government postings and have earned good reputations among colleagues.
View from the Mathur Hanging Trough bridge with the Pahrali river flowing below. The major river in the district is Thamirabarani locally known as Kuzhithuraiar. This river has two major tributaries, Kodayar and Paralayar, with the Pechiparai Dam and Perunchani Dam , respectively, built across them.
Valliar, another small river, along with its tributary Thoovalar, originates from the Velimalai Hills, collects drainage from P. Channel[ clarification needed ] and its branches, ayacuts irrigated area under a tank and confluences with the Laccadive Sea in Kadiapattinam. This is polluted as it collects drainage of Thovalai, Ananthanar and Nanjil nadu puthanar channel passing through Thazhakudi, Vellamadam villages. The Pahrali River also flows through the district.
Forests[ edit ] Keeriparai, the district comprises a sizeable area of lush forests The forests in Kanyakumari District are about 75 million years old. Of the total district area of There are 14 types of forests from luxuriant tropical wet evergreen to tropical thorn forests. This variety occurs in the district because of diverse locality factors. The forest area is The forests contain species such as Mesua ferrea, Bischofia Javanica, Vitex altissima to smaller trees of Dillini a species festooning climber, shrubs, valuable herbs, variety of orchids, two types of canes, many indigenous palms and cycas.
The important timbers are teak, rosewood, vengai and aini. Various types of forest products like bamboos, reeds, canes, soft wood, tamarind , lemon grass, rubber, coconut, arecanut , terminalia chebula , cinnamon bark nelli, cardamom, mango and many medicinal plants are harvested in this district.
The Maruthuvalmalai, a hill located among green paddy fields and coconut palms, is famous for valuable medicinal plants. This is the only district in Tamil Nadu where rubber and clove plantations have been raised in reserve forests in an area of The district is rich in wildlife with at least 25 types of mammals, about 60 species of birds including 14 species of migratory birds and many species of fishes, reptiles and amphibians listed.
The following are the reserve forests in Kanyakumari Forest Division: Therkumalai East and West -